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Problemas musculoesqueléticos, traumatismos y accidentes

Apofisitis calcánea

  • Gürbüz H, Unalan H, Sarisaltik H, Sekhavat H, Candan L. The role of acromioclavicular arthritis in impingement syndromes. Yonsei Med J. 1998; 39:97-102.
  • James AM, Williams CM, Haines TP. Effectiveness of footwear and foot orthoses for calcaneal apophysitis: a 12-month factorial randomised trial. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Oct;50(20):1268-1275. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094986. Epub 2016 Feb 25. PubMed PMID: 26917682.
  • Kuyucu E, Gülenç B, Biçer H, Erdil M. Assessment of the kinesiotherapy's efficacy in male athletes with calcaneal apophysitis. J Orthop Surg Res. 2017 Oct 6;12(1):146. doi: 10.1186/s13018-017-0637-5. PubMed PMID: 28985751.
  • Rabalais RD, McCarty E. Surgical treatment of symptomatic acromioclavicular joint problems: a systematic review. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;455:30-7.
  • Uvelli K, Neher JO, Safranek S. Treatment for Calcaneal Apophysitis. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Jul 15;96(2):126-127. PubMed PMID: 28762709.
  • Weiner DS, Morscher M, Dicintio MS. Calcaneal apophysitis: simple diagnosis, simpler treatment.J Fam Pract. 2007 May;56(5):352-5. No abstract available. PMID: 17475164 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Wiegerinck JI, Zwiers R, Sierevelt IN, van Weert HC, van Dijk CN, Struijs PA. Treatment of Calcaneal Apophysitis: Wait and See Versus Orthotic Device Versus Physical Therapy: A Pragmatic Therapeutic Randomized Clinical Trial. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Mar;36(2):152-7. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000417. PubMed PMID:25985369.

Artritis acromioclavicular

  • Amirtharaj MJ, Wang D, McGraw MH, Camp CL, Degen RA, Dines DM, Dines JS.
    Trends in the Surgical Management of Acromioclavicular Joint Arthritis Among
    Board-Eligible US Orthopaedic Surgeons. Arthroscopy. 2018 Jun;34(6):1799-1805.
    doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2018.01.024. Epub 2018 Feb 21. PubMed PMID: 29477607.
  • Cadet E, Ahmad CS, Levine WN. The management of acromioclavicular joint osteoarthrosis: débride, resect, or leave it alone. Instr Course Lect 2006;55:75-83. [Review]. PMID: 16958441 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Gürbüz H, Unalan H, Sarisaltik H, Sekhavat H, Candan L. The role of acromioclavicular arthritis in impingement syndromes. Yonsei Med J. 1998; 39:97-102.
  • Menge TJ, Boykin RE, Bushnell BD, Byram IR. Acromioclavicular osteoarthritis: a common cause of shoulder pain. South Med J. 2014 May;107(5):324-9. doi:
  • 10.1097/SMJ.0000000000000101. Review. PubMed PMID: 24937735.
  • Nuber GW, Bowen MK. Acromioclavicular Joint Injuries and Distal Clavicle Fractures. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 1997 Jan;5(1):11-18. PMID: 10797203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher].
  • Ostör AJ, Richards CA, Prevost AT, Speed CA, Hazleman BL. Diagnosis and relation to general health of shoulder disorders presenting to primary care. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2005 Jun;44(6):800-5. Epub 2005 Mar 15. PMID: 15769790 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Oussedik S. Injuries to the clavicle and acromioclavicular joint. Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2007 Apr;68(4):M68-70. [Review]. No abstract available. PMID: 17465098 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Petron DJ, Hanson RW Jr. Acromioclavicular joint disorders. Curr Sports Med Rep 2007 Oct;6(5):300-6. Review. PMID: 17883965 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Artritis gotosa y por otros microcristales

  • Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios, Ministerio de Sanidad y Politica Social. Colchicina: casos de sobredosis graves por errores de medicación. Comunicación sobre riesgos de medicamentos para profesionales sanitarios. ref: 2010/11. 4 de agosto de 2010.
  • Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios. Comunicación sobre riesgos de medicamentos para profesionales sanitarios. Colchicina: casos de sobredosis graves por errores de medicación. [ref 2010/11]. Disponible en: http://www.aemps.gob.es/actividad/alertas/usoHumano/seguridad/2010/NI_2010-11_colchicina.htm.
  • Becker MA, Schumacher HR, Espinoza LR, Wells AF, MacDonald P, Lloyd E,Lademacher C. The urate-lowering efficacy and safety of febuxostat in the treatment of the hyperuricemia of gout: the CONFIRMS trial. Arthritis Res Ther. 2010;12(2):R63. doi: 10.1186/ar2978. Epub 2010 Apr 6. PubMed PMID: 20370912; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2888216.
  • Burns CM, Wortmann RL. Gout therapeutics: new drugs for an old disease. Lancet. 2011;377:165-77.
  • Colchicina: casos de sobredosis graves por errores de medicación. Comunicación sobre riesgos de medicamentos para profesionales sanitarios. ref: 2010/11. Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios, Ministerio de Sanidad y Politica Social. 4 de agosto de 2010.
  • Comunicación sobre riesgos de medicamentos para profesionales sanitarios. Colchicina: casos de sobredosis graves por errores de medicación. [ref 2010/11]. Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios. Disponible en: http://www.aemps.gob.es/actividad/alertas/usoHumano/seguridad/2010/NI_2010-11_colchicina.htm.
  • Janssens HJ, Janssen M, van de Lisdonk EH, van Riel PL, van Weel C. Use of oral prednisolone or naproxen for the treatment of gout arthritis: a double-blind, randomised equivalence trial. Lancet 2008 May 31;371(9627):1854-60.
  • Krishnan E, Baker JF, Furst DE, Schumacher HR. Gout and the risk of acute myocardial infarction. Arthritis Rheum 2006 Aug;54(8):2688-96.
  • Li Q, Li X, Kwong JS, Chen H, Sun X, Tian H, Li S. Diagnosis and treatment for hyperuricaemia and gout: a protocol for a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements. BMJ Open. 2017 Jun 23;7(6):e014928. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014928. Review. PubMed PMID: 28645962; PubMed Central PMCID:PMC5623447.
  • Moi JHY, Sriranganathan MK, Edwards CJ, Buchbinder R. Lifestyle interventions for acute gout. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD010519. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010519.pub2
  • Rainer TH, Cheng CH, Janssens HJ, Man CY, Tam LS, Choi YF, Yau WH, Lee KH,Graham CA. Oral Prednisolone in the Treatment of Acute Gout: A Pragmatic,Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Apr5;164(7):464-71. doi: 10.7326/M14-2070. Epub 2016 Feb 23. PubMed PMID: 26903390.
  • Richette P, Doherty M, Pascual E, Barskova V, Becce F, Castañeda-Sanabria J, Coyfish M, Guillo S, Jansen TL, Janssens H, Lioté F, Mallen C, Nuki G, Perez-Ruiz F, Pimentao J, Punzi L, Pywell T, So A, Tausche AK, Uhlig T, Zavada J, Zhang W, Tubach F, Bardin T. 2016 updated EULAR evidence-based recommendations for the management of gout. Ann Rheum Dis. 2017 Jan;76(1):29-42. Doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-209707. Epub 2016 Jul 25. Review. PubMed PMID: 27457514.
  • Schlesinger N, Schumacher R, Catton M, Maxwell L. Colchicine for acute gout. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006 Oct 18;(4):CD006190.
  • Seth R, Kydd ASR, Buchbinder R, Bombardier C, Edwards CJ. Allopurinol for chronic gout. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD006077. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006077.pub3
  • Tausche AK, Alten R, Dalbeth N, Kopicko J, Fung M, Adler S, Bhakta N, Storgard C, Baumgartner S, Saag K. Lesinurad monotherapy in gout patients intolerant to a xanthine oxidase inhibitor: a 6 month phase 3 clinical trial and extension study.Rheumatology (Oxford). 2017 Dec 1;56(12):2170-2178. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kex350. PubMed PMID: 29029210.
  • Terkeltaub R, Sundy JS, Schumacher HR, et al. The interleukin 1 inhibitor rilonacept in treatment of chronic gouty arthritis: results of a placebo-controlled, monosequence crossover, non-randomised, single-blind pilot study. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009;68:1613-7.

Artrosis

  • Conaghan PG, Dickson J, Grant RL, Guideline Development Group. Care and management of osteoarthritis in adults: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ 2008 Mar 1;336(7642):502-3. [Review]. No abstract available. PMID: 18310005 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Dalbeth N, Arroll B. Commentary: controversies in NICE guidance on osteoarthritis. BMJ 2008 Mar 1;336(7642):504. No abstract available. PMID: 18310006 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • NICE Clinical Guideline 59: Osteoarthritis: the care and management of osteoarthritis in adults. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2008.
  • Ottawa panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for therapeutic exercises and manual therapy in the management of osteoarthritis. Phys Ther 2005 Sep;85(9):907-71. Review.PMID: 16117601 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Artrosis. Dolor osteomuscular agudo

  • Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios. Informe de Utilización de Medicamentos U/AIN/V1/11/09/2017. Utilización de medicamentos antiinflamatorios no esteroideos en España durante el periodo 2013-2016. Fecha de publicación: 22 de septiembre de 2017. Disponible en: https://www.aemps.gob.es/medicamentosUsoHumano/observatorio/docs/antiinflamatorios-AINEs-periodo-2013-2016.pdf
  • Day RO. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). BMJ 2013;346:f3195. doi:
    10.1136/bmj.f3195.
  • Reginster JY, Dudler J, Blicharski T, Pavelka K. Pharmaceutical-grade Chondroitin sulfate is as effective as celecoxib and superior to placebo in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: the ChONdroitin versus CElecoxib versus Placebo Trial (CONCEPT). Ann Rheum Dis. 2017 Sep;76(9):1537-1543. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-210860. Epub 2017 May 22. PubMed PMID: 28533290; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5561371.
  • Saragiotto BT, Machado GC, Ferreira ML, Pinheiro MB, Abdel Shaheed C, Maher CG.
    Paracetamol for low back pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 6.
    Art. No.: CD012230. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012230. Disponible en: http://www.bibliotecacochrane.com/control.php?URL=/PDF/CD012087.PDF
  • Van Tulder M, Becker A, Bekkering T, Breen A, del Real MT, Hutchinson A, et al, COST B13 Working Group on Guidelines for the Management of Acute Low Back Pain in Primary Care. Chapter 3. European guidelines for the management of acute nonspecific low back pain in primary care. Eur Spine J 2006 Mar;15(Suppl 2):S169-91. No abstract available. PMID: 16550447 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Artrosis de la mano. Rizartrosis

  • Altman RD, Dreiser RL, Fisher CL, Chase WF, Dreher DS, Zacher J. Diclofenac sodium gel in patients with primary hand osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Rheumatol. 2009 Sep;36(9):1991-9. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.081316. Epub 2009 Jul 31. PubMed PMID: 19648310.
  • Bahadir C, Onal B, Dayan VY, Gürer N. Comparison of therapeutic effects of sodium hyaluronate and corticosteroid injections on trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. Clin Rheumatol. 2009 May;28(5):529-33. doi:10.1007/s10067-008-1079-6. Epub 2009 Jan 10. PubMed PMID: 19137353.
  • Chevalier X, Ravaud P, Maheu E, Baron G, Rialland A, Vergnaud P, Roux C, Maugars Y, Mulleman D, Lukas C, Wendling D, Lafforgue P, Loeuille D, Foltz V,Richette P; French section of osteoarthritis. Adalimumab in patients with hand osteoarthritis refractory to analgesics and NSAIDs: a randomised, multicentre,double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Sep;74(9):1697-705. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205348. Epub 2014 May 9. PubMed PMID: 24817417.
  • Dilek B, Gözüm M, Şahin E, Baydar M, Ergör G, El O, Bircan Ç, Gülbahar S.Efficacy of paraffin bath therapy in hand osteoarthritis: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Apr;94(4):642-9. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2012.11.024. Epub 2012 Nov 24. PubMed PMID: 23187044.
  • Fuchs S, Mönikes R, Wohlmeiner A, Heyse T. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid compared with corticoid injections for the treatment of rhizarthrosis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2006 Jan;14(1):82-8. Epub 2005 Oct 19. PMID: 16242353 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Gabay C, Medinger-Sadowski C, Gascon D, Kolo F, Finckh A. Symptomatic effects of chondroitin 4 and chondroitin 6 sulfate on hand osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial at a single center. Arthritis Rheum. 2011 Nov;63(11):3383-91. doi: 10.1002/art.30574. PubMed PMID: 21898340.
  • Hennig T, Hæhre L, Hornburg VT, Mowinckel P, Norli ES, Kjeken I. Effect of home-based hand exercises in women with hand osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Aug;74(8):1501-8. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-204808. Epub 2014 Mar 25. PubMed PMID: 24667900.
  • Heyworth BE, Lee JH, Kim PD, Lipton CB, Strauch RJ, Rosenwasser MP. Hylan versus corticosteroid versus placebo for treatment of basal joint arthritis: a prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial. J Hand Surg [Am] 2008 Jan;33(1):40-8.
  • Jaggi R, Morris S. Practice tips. Rule of thumb: update on first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. Can Fam Physician 2007 Aug;53(8):1309-10. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 17872845 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Kjeken I, Darre S, Smedslund G, Hagen KB, Nossum R. Effect of assistive technology in hand osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2011 Aug;70(8):1447-52. doi: 10.1136/ard.2010.148668. Epub 2011 May 12. PubMed PMID: 21571733.
  • Loibl M, Lang S, Dendl LM, Nerlich M, Angele P, Gehmert S, Huber M. Leukocyte-Reduced Platelet-Rich Plasma Treatment of Basal Thumb Arthritis: A Pilot Study. Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:9262909. doi: 10.1155/2016/9262909. Epub 2016 Jul 5. PubMed PMID: 27478842; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4949344.
  • Meenagh GK, Patton J, Kynes C, Wright GD. A randomised controlled trial of intra-articular corticosteroid injection of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb in osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 2004 Oct;63(10):1260-3.PMID: 15361383 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Monfort J, Rotés-Sala D, Segalés N, Montañes FJ, Orellana C, Llorente-Onaindia J, Mojal S, Padró I, Benito P. Comparative efficacy of intra-articular hyaluronic acid and corticoid injections in osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint: results of a 6-month single-masked randomized study. Joint Bone Spine. 2015 Mar;82(2):116-21. doi: 10.1016/j.jbspin.2014.08.008. Epub 2014 Oct 11.
    PubMed PMID: 25311256.
  • Povlsen B. Basal joint osteoarthritis of the thumb: a prospective trial of steroid injection and splinting. J Hand Surg [Am] 2004 Sep;29(5):959. No abstract available. PMID: 15465256 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Rogers MW, Wilder FV. The effects of strength training among persons with hand osteoarthritis: a two-year follow-up study. J Hand Ther. 2007 Jul-Sep;20(3):244-9; quiz 250. PubMed PMID: 17658418.
  • Shin K, Kim JW, Moon KW, Yang JA, Lee EY, Song YW, Lee EB. The efficacy of diacerein in hand osteoarthritis: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Clin Ther. 2013 Apr;35(4):431-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2013.02.009.Epub 2013 Mar 6. PubMed PMID: 23474153.
  • Spolidoro Paschoal Nde O, Natour J, Machado FS, de Oliveira HA, Furtado RN. Effectiveness of Triamcinolone Hexacetonide Intraarticular Injection in Interphalangeal Joints: A 12-week Randomized Controlled Trial in Patients with Hand Osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol. 2015 Oct;42(10):1869-77. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.140736. Epub 2015 Aug 1. PubMed PMID: 26233501.
  • Stahl S, Karsh-Zafrir I, Ratzon N, Rosenberg N. Comparison of intraarticular injection of depot corticosteroid and hyaluronic acid for treatment of degenerative trapeziometacarpal joints. J Clin Rheumatol 2005 Dec;11(6):299-302. PMID: 16371798 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Stamm TA, Machold KP, Smolen JS, Fischer S, Redlich K, Graninger , Ebner W, Erlacher L. Joint protection and home hand exercises improve hand function in patients with hand osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Feb;47(1):44-9. PubMed PMID: 11932877.
  • Watt FE, Kennedy DL, Carlisle KE, Freidin AJ, Szydlo RM, Honeyfield L,Satchithananda K, Vincent TL. Night-time immobilization of the distal interphalangeal joint reduces pain and extension deformity in hand osteoarthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2014 Jun;53(6):1142-9. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ket455. Epub 2014 Feb 8. PubMed PMID: 24509405; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4023558.
  • Yildirim N, Filiz Ulusoy M, Bodur H. The effect of heat application on pain, stiffness, physical function and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis. J Clin Nurs. 2010 Apr;19(7-8):1113-20. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03070.x. PubMed PMID: 20492056.
  • Zelazny CM. Therapeutic instrumental music playing in hand rehabilitation for older adults with osteoarthritis: four case studies. J Music Ther. 2001 Summer;38(2):97-113. PubMed PMID: 11469918.

Atrapamiento cubital y atrapamiento radial

  • Gosset J, Apoil A. [Truncular paralysis caused by nerve compression in the forearm (median, cubital and radial nerves)]. Ann Chir 1972 Feb;26(3):119-30. Article in French. No abstract available. PMID: 4335133 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Svernlöv B, Larsson M, Rehn K, Adolfsson L. Conservative treatment of the cubital tunnel syndrome. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2009 Apr;34(2):201-7. doi:10.1177/1753193408098480. Epub 2009 Mar 12. PubMed PMID: 19282413.
  • Szabo RM, Kwak C. Natural history and conservative management of cubital tunnel syndrome. Hand Clin 2007 Aug;23(3):311-8, v-vi. Review. PMID: 17765583 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Van Veen KE, Alblas KC, Alons IM, Kerklaan JP, Siegersma MC, Wesstein M, Visser LH, Vankasteel V, Jellema K. Corticosteroid injection in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Muscle Nerve. 2015 Sep;52(3):380-5. doi: 10.1002/mus.24551. Epub 2015 Jun 18. PubMed PMID: 25522919.

Bursitis de cadera

  • Brinks A, van Rijn RM, Willemsen SP, Bohnen AM, Verhaar JA, Koes BW, Bierma-Zeinstra SM. Corticosteroid injections for greater trochanteric pain syndrome: a randomized controlled trial in primary care. Ann Fam Med. 2011 May-Jun;9(3):226-34. doi: 10.1370/afm.1232. Erratum in: Ann Fam Med. 2011 Jul-Aug;9(3):371. PubMed PMID: 21555750; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3090431.
  • Germeaux Y, Paredis L, Poppe P, Stevens A. Chronic bursitis of the hip. J Belge Radiol 1993 Dec;76(6):397. No abstract available. PMID: 8163440 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Lambert RG, Hutchings EJ, Grace MG, Jhangri GS, Conner-Spady B, Maksymowych WP. Steroid injection for osteoarthritis of the hip: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Jul;56(7):2278-87. PubMed PMID:17599747.
  • Lecomte J, Buyse H, Taymans J, Monti T. Treatment of tendinitis and bursitis: a comparison of nimesulide and naproxen sodium in a double-blind parallel trial. Eur J Rheumatol Inflamm. 1994;14(4):29-32. PubMed PMID: 7601179.
  • Lequesne M, Mathieu P, Vuillemin-Bodaghi V, Bard H, Djian P. Gluteal tendinopathy in refractory greater trochanter pain syndrome:diagnostic value of two clinical tests. Arthritis Rheum 2008 Feb 15;59(2):241-6.
  • Lustenberger DP, Ng VY, Best TM, Ellis TJ. Efficacy of Treatment of Trochanteric Bursitis: A Systematic Review. Clin J Sport Med. 2011 Aug 2. Published ahead of print.
  • Russell AS. Pseudotrochanteric bursitis in the differential diagnosis of lateral hip pain. J Rheumatol 1992 Oct;19(10):1648. No abstract available. PMID: 1464885 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Bursitis olecraniana

  • Aaron DL, Patel A, Kayiaros S, Calfee R. Four common types of bursitis: diagnosis and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011;19:359-67.
  • Canoso JJ. Idiopathic or traumatic olecranon bursitis. Clinical features and bursal fluid analysis. Arthritis Rheum 1977 Jul-Aug;20(6):1213-6. PMID: 901595 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Kim JY, Chung SW, Kim JH, Jung JH, Sung GY, Oh KS, Lee JS. A Randomized Trial Among Compression Plus Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs, Aspiration, and Aspiration With Steroid Injection for Nonseptic Olecranon Bursitis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2016 Mar;474(3):776-83. doi: 10.1007/s11999-015-4579-0. Epub 2015 Oct 13. PubMed PMID: 26463567; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4746156.
  • Smith DL, McAfee JH, Lucas LM, Kumar KL, Romney DM. Treatment of nonseptic olecranon bursitis. A controlled, blinded prospective trial. Arch Intern Med 1989 Nov;149(11):2527-30. PMID: 2684077 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Bursitis de rodilla

  • Homayouni K, Foruzi S, Kalhori F. Effects of kinesiotaping versus
    non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy for treatment of pes anserinus tendino-bursitis: A randomized comparative clinical trial. Phys Sportsmed. 2016 Sep;44(3):252-6. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2016.1199251. Epub 2016 Jun 22. PubMed PMID: 27276165.
  • Vega-Morales D, Esquivel-Valerio JA, Negrete-López R, Galarza-Delgado DÁ,Garza-Elizondo MA. Safety and efficacy of methylprednisolone infiltration in anserine syndrome treatment. Reumatol Clin. 2012 Mar-Apr;8(2):63-7. doi:10.1016/j.reuma.2011.10.016. Epub 2012 Feb 7. PubMed PMID: 22317851.
  • Yoon HS, Kim SE, Suh YR, Seo YI, Kim HA. Correlation between ultrasonographic findings and the response to corticosteroid injection in pes anserinus tendinobursitis syndrome in knee osteoarthritis patients. J Korean Med Sci 2005 Feb;20(1):109-12. PMID: 15716614 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Bursitis subacromial

  • Carroll MB, Motley SA, Wohlford S, Ramsey BC. Rilonacept in the treatment of subacromial bursitis: A randomized, non-inferiority, unblinded study versus triamcinolone acetonide. Joint Bone Spine. 2015 Dec;82(6):446-50. doi:10.1016/j.jbspin.2015.02.009. Epub 2015 Jul 13. PubMed PMID: 26184525.
  • Chen MJ, Lew HL, Hsu TC, Tsai WC, Lin WC, Tang SF, et al. Ultrasound-guided shoulder injections in the treatment of subacromial bursitis. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2006 Jan;85(1):31-5. PMID: 16357546 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Bursitis subaquílea

  • Aaron DL, Patel A, Kayiaros S, Calfee R. Four common types of bursitis: diagnosis and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011;19:359-67.
  • Lohrer H, Nauck T. Retrocalcaneal bursitis but not Achilles tendinopathy is characterized by increased pressure in the retrocalcaneal bursa. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2014 Mar;29(3):283-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2013.12.002. Epub 2013 Dec 9. PubMed PMID: 24370462.
  • Stephens MM. Haglund's deformity and retrocalcaneal bursitis. Orthop Clin North Am 1994 Jan;25(1):41-6. PMID: 8290230 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Weinfeld SB. Achilles tendon disorders. Med Clin North Am. 2014. Mar;98(2):331-8. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2013.11.005. Review. PubMed PMID: 24559878.

Calambres

  • Fowler AW. Randomised controlled trial of hydroquinine in muscle cramps. Lancet 1997 May 3;349(9061):1325-6; author reply 1326. No abstract available. PMID: 9142089 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Garrison SR, Birmingham CL, Koehler BE, McCollom RA, Khan KM. The effect of magnesium infusion on rest cramps: randomized controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011;66:661-6.
  • Katzberg HD, Khan AH, So YT. Assessment: symptomatic treatment for muscle cramps (an evidence-based review): report of the therapeutics and technology assessment subcommittee of the American academy of neurology. Neurology 2010;74:691-6.
  • McGee SR. Muscle cramps. Arch Intern Med 1990 Mar;150(3):511-8. Review. PMID: 2178579 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Molema MM, Dekker MC, Voermans NC, van Engelen BG, Aarnoutse RE. Caffeine and muscle cramps: a stimulating connection. Am J Med 2007 Aug;120(8):e1-2. No abstract available. PMID: 17679106 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Capsulitis adhesiva del hombro

  • Carette S, Moffet H, Tardif J, Bessette L, Morin F, Frémont P, et al. Intraarticular corticosteroids, supervised physiotherapy, or a combination of the two in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum 2003 Mar;48(3):829-38. PMID: 12632439 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Dehner C, Hartwig E, Strobel P, Scheich M, Schneider F, Elbel M, et al. Comparison of the relative benefits of 2 versus 10 days of soft collar cervical immobilization after acute whiplash injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006 Nov;87(11):1423-7. PMID: 17084114 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Garra G, Singer AJ, Leno R, Taira BR, Gupta N, Mathaikutty B, et al. Heat or cold packs for neck and back strain: a randomized controlled trial of efficacy. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 May;17(5):484-9.
  • Gross AR, Hoving JL, Haines TA, Goldsmith CH, Kay T, Aker P, et al, Cervical overview group. Movilización activa y pasiva para trastornos mecánicos de cuello (Revisión Cochrane traducida). En: Biblioteca Cochrane Plus, 2008, número 2. Oxford: Update Software Ltd. Disponible en: http://www.update-software.com.
  • Khwaja SM, Minnerop M, Singer AJ. Comparison of ibuprofen, cyclobenzaprine or both in patients with acute cervical strain: a randomized controlled trial. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medical Care 2010;12:39-44.
  • Padberg M, de Bruijn SF, Tavy DL. Neck pain in chronic whiplash syndrome treated with botulinum toxin. A double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Neurol 2007 Mar;254(3):290-5. Epub 2007 Mar 7. PMID: 17345052 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Peloso P, Gross A, Haines T, Trinh K, Goldsmith CH, Burnie S, Cervical Overview Group. Tratamientos medicinales e inyectables para los trastornos mecánicos del cuello (Revisión Cochrane traducida). En: Biblioteca Cochrane Plus, 2008, número 2. Oxford: Update Software Ltd. Disponible en: http://www.update-software.com.
  • Teasell RW, McClure JA, Walton D, Pretty J, Salter K, Meyer M, et al. A research synthesis of therapeutic interventions for whiplash-associated disorder (WAD): part 2 - interventions for acute WAD. Pain Res Manag. 2010 Sep-Oct;15(5):295-304.

Cervicalgia

  • Dehner C, Hartwig E, Strobel P, Scheich M, Schneider F, Elbel M, et al. Comparison of the relative benefits of 2 versus 10 days of soft collar cervical immobilization after acute whiplash injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006 Nov;87(11):1423-7. PMID: 17084114 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Garra G, Singer AJ, Leno R, Taira BR, Gupta N, Mathaikutty B, et al. Heat or cold packs for neck and back strain: a randomized controlled trial of efficacy. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 May;17(5):484-9.
  • Gross AR, Hoving JL, Haines TA, Goldsmith CH, Kay T, Aker P, et al, Cervical overview group. Movilización activa y pasiva para trastornos mecánicos de cuello (Revisión Cochrane traducida). En: Biblioteca Cochrane Plus, 2008, número 2. Oxford: Update Software Ltd. Disponible en: http://www.update-software.com.
  • Khwaja SM, Minnerop M, Singer AJ. Comparison of ibuprofen, cyclobenzaprine or both in patients with acute cervical strain: a randomized controlled trial. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medical Care 2010;12:39-44.
  • Padberg M, de Bruijn SF, Tavy DL. Neck pain in chronic whiplash syndrome treated with botulinum toxin. A double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Neurol 2007 Mar;254(3):290-5. Epub 2007 Mar 7. PMID: 17345052 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Peloso P, Gross A, Haines T, Trinh K, Goldsmith CH, Burnie S, Cervical Overview Group. Tratamientos medicinales e inyectables para los trastornos mecánicos del cuello (Revisión Cochrane traducida). En: Biblioteca Cochrane Plus, 2008, número 2. Oxford: Update Software Ltd. Disponible en: http://www.update-software.com.
  • Teasell RW, McClure JA, Walton D, Pretty J, Salter K, Meyer M, et al. A research synthesis of therapeutic interventions for whiplash-associated disorder (WAD): part 2 - interventions for acute WAD. Pain Res Manag. 2010 Sep-Oct;15(5):295-304.

Cervicobraquialgia

  • Kuijper B, Tans JT, Beelen A, Nollet F, de Visser M. Cervical collar or physiotherapy versus wait and see policy for recent onset cervical radiculopathy: randomised trial. BMJ. 2009 Oct 7;339:b3883. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b3883.
  • Young IA, Michener LA, Cleland JA, Aguilera AJ, Snyder AR. Manual therapy, exercise, and traction for patients with cervical radiculopathy: a randomized clinical trial. Phys Ther. 2009 Jul;89(7):632-42. Epub 2009 May 21. Erratum in: Phys Ther. 2009 Nov;89(11):1254-5. Phys Ther. 2010 May;90(5):825.

Cifosis

  • Blechacz B, Gajic O. Images in clinical medicine. Severe kyphosis. N Engl J Med 2008 Jun 12;358(24):e28. No abstract available. PMID: 18550872 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Goh S, Price RI, Leedman PJ, Singer KP. A comparison of three methods for measuring thoracic kyphosis: implications for clinical studies. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2000 Mar;39(3):310-5. PMID: 10788541 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Lonstein JE. Congenital spine deformities: scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis. Orthop Clin North Am 1999 Jul;30(3):387-405, viii. Review. PMID: 10393763 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Coxartrosis

  • Boutron I, Tubach F, Giraudeau B, Ravaud P. Methodological differences in clinical trials evaluating nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatments of hip and knee osteoarthritis. JAMA 2003 Aug 27;290(8):1062-70. PMID: 12941679 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Brosseau L, Welch V, Wells G, DeBie R, Gam A, Harman K, et al. Low level laser therapy (Classes I, II and III) for treating osteoarthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(3):CD002046. [Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007;(1):CD002046]. PMID: 15266461 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Cochrane GM. A double-blind comparison of naproxen with indomethacin in osteoarthritis. Scand J Rheumatol 1973LSuppl 2):89-93. No abstract available. PMID: 4590058 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Fidelix TS, Soares BG, Trevisani VF. Diacerein for osteoarthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006 Jan 25;(1):CD005117. Review. PMID: 16437519 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Kwon YD, Pittler MH, Ernst E. Acupuncture for peripheral joint osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2006 Nov;45(11):1.331-7. Epub 2006 Aug 27. Review. PMID: 16936326 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Lequesne M. From "periarthritis" to hip "rotator cuff" tears. Trochanteric tendinobursitis. Joint Bone Spine 2006 Jul;73(4):344-8. Epub 2006 Jun 5. [Review]. No abstract available. PMID: 16798047 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • McAlindon TE, LaValley MP, Gulin JP, Felson DT. Glucosamine and chondroitin for treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic quality assessment and meta-analysis. JAMA 2000 Mar 15;283(11):1.469-75. [Review]. PMID: 10732937 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Pisters MF, Veenhof C, van Meeteren NL, Ostelo RW, de Bakker DH, Schellevis FG, et al. Long-term effectiveness of exercise therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: a systematic review. Arthritis Rheum 2007 Oct 15;57(7):1245-53. Review. PMID: 17907210 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Reichenbach S, Sterchi R, Scherer M, Trelle S, Bürgi E, Bürgi U, et al. Meta-analysis: chondroitin for osteoarthritis of the knee or hip. Ann Intern Med 2007 Apr 17;146(8):580-90. PMID: 17438317 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Towheed TE, Maxwell L, Judd MG, Catton M, Hochberg MC, Wells G. Acetaminophen for osteoarthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006 Jan 25;(1):CD004257. Review. PMID: 16437479 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Towheed T, Shea B, Wells G, Hochberg M. Analgesia and non-aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for osteoarthritis of the hip. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000;(2):CD000517. [Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;(1):CD000517]. PMID: 10796384 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] .
  • Zhang W, Moskowitz RW, Nuki G, Abramson S, Altman RD, Arden N, et al. OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, Part II: OARSI evidence-based, expert consensus guidelines. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2008 Feb;16(2):137-62. PMID: 18279766 [PubMed - in process].
  • Zhang W, Moskowitz RW, Nuki G, Abramson S, Altman RD, Arden N, et al. OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis. Part I: Critical appraisal of existing treatment guidelines and systematic review of current research evidence. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2007 Sep;15(9):981-1000. Epub 2007 Aug 27. Review. PMID: 17719803 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Zhang W, Doherty M, Arden N, Bannwarth B, Bijlsma J, Gunther KP, et al; EULAR Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutics (ESCISIT). EULAR evidence based recommendations for the management of hip osteoarthritis: report of a task force of the EULAR Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutics (ESCISIT). Ann Rheum Dis 2005 May;64(5):669-81. Epub 2004 Oct 7. [Review]. PMID: 15471891 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Zhang W, Jones A, Doherty M. Does paracetamol (acetaminophen) reduce the pain of osteoarthritis? A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Ann Rheum Dis 2004 Aug;63(8):901-7. Epub 2004 Mar 5. Review. PMID: 15020311 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Dedos en garra, sesamoiditis, hallux valgus y hallux rigidus

  • Deenik AR, de Visser E, Louwerens JW, Malefijt Mde W, Draijer FF, de Bie RA. Hallux valgus angle as main predictor for correction of hallux valgus. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2008 May 15;9:70. PMID: 18482455 [PubMed - in process].
  • Goud A, Khurana B, Chiodo C, Weissman BN. Women's musculoskeletal foot conditions exacerbated by shoe wear: an imaging perspective. Am J Orthop 2011;40:183-91.
  • Hawke F, Burns J, Radford JA, du Toit V. Custom-made foot orthoses for the treatment of foot pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008 Jul 16;(3):CD006801. PMID: 18646168 [PubMed - in process].
  • Roddy E, Zhang W, Doherty M. Prevalence and associations of hallux valgus in a primary care population. Arthritis Rheum 2008 Jun 15;59(6):857-62. PMID: 18512715 [PubMed - in process].
  • Shirzad K, Kiesau CD, DeOrio JK, Parekh SG. Lesser toe deformities. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011;19:505-14.

Dedo en resorte

  • Akhtar S, Bradley MJ, Quinton DN, Burke FD. Management and referral for trigger finger/thumb. BMJ 2005 Jul 2;331(7507):30-3. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 15994689 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Anderson B, Kaye S. Treatment of flexor tenosynovitis of the hand ('trigger finger') with corticosteroids. A prospective study of the response to local injection. Arch Intern Med 1991 Jan;151(1):153-6. PMID: 1985590 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Baumgarten KM, Gerlach D, Boyer MI. Corticosteroid injection in diabetic patients with trigger finger. A prospective, randomized, controlled double-blinded study. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007 Dec;89(12):2604-11. PMID: 18056491 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Chambers RG Jr. Corticosteroid injections for trigger finger. Am Fam Physician. 2009;80:454-5.

Enfermedad por arañazo de gato

  • Florin TA, Zaoutis TE, Zaoutis LB. Beyond cat scratch disease: widening spectrum of Bartonella henselae infection. Pediatrics 2008 May;121(5):e1413-25. Epub 2008 Apr 28. Review. PMID: 18443019 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Eidlitz-Markus T, Zeharia A. Images in clinical medicine. Cat scratch disease lymphadenopathy. N Engl J Med 2006 Apr 27;354(17):e17. No abstract available. PMID: 16641391 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Giladi M, Maman E, Paran D, Bickels J, Comaneshter D, Avidor B, et al. Cat-scratch disease-associated arthropathy. Arthritis Rheum 2005 Nov;52(11):3611-7. PMID: 16255053 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cat-Scratch Disease in children--Texas, September 2000-August 2001. JAMA 2002 May 22-29;287(20):2.647-9. No abstract available. PMID: 12035788 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Enfermedad de Dupuytren

  • Rayan GM. Dupuytren disease: Anatomy, pathology, presentation, and treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007 Jan;89(1):189-98. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 17256226 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Enfermedad de Osgood-Schlater

  • Atanda A Jr, Shah SA, O'Brien K. Osteochondrosis: common causes of pain in growing bones. Am Fam Physician. 2011;83:285-91.
  • Gholve PA, Scher DM, Khakharia S, Widmann RF, Green DW. Osgood Schlatter syndrome. Curr Opin Pediatr 2007 Feb;19(1):44-50. [Review]. PMID: 17224661 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Mital MA, Matza RA, Cohen J. The so-called unresolved Osgood-Schlatter lesion: a concept based on fifteen surgically treated lesions. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1980 Jul;62(5):732-9. PMID: 7391096 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Enfermedad de Paget

  • Bockman RS, Wilhelm F, Siris E, Singer F, Chausmer A, Bitton R, et al. A multicenter trial of low dose of gallium nitrate in patient's with advanced Paget's disease of bone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1995;80:590-600.
  • Miller PD, Brown JP, Siris ES, Hoseyni MS, Axelrod DW, Bekker PJ. A randomized, double-blind comparison of risedronate and etidronate in the treatment of Paget's disease of bone. Paget's Risedronate/Etidronate Study Group. Am J Med 1999 May;106(5):513-20.
  • Pontiroli AE, Pajetta E, Calderara A, Alberetto M, Pozza G, Manganelli V, et al. Intranasal and intramuscular human calcitonin in female osteoporosis and in Paget's disease of bones: a pilot study. J Endocrinol Invest 1991 Jan;14(1):47-51.
  • Reid IR, Miller P, Lyles K, Fraser W, Brown JP, Saidi Y, et al. Comparison of a single infusion of zoledronic acid with risedronate for Paget's disease. N Engl J Med 2005 Sep 1;353(9):898-908.
  • Walsh JP, Ward LC, Stewart GO, Will RK, Criddle RA, Prince RL, et al. A randomized clinical trial comparing oral alendronate and intravenous pamidronate for the treatment of Paget's disease of bone. Bone 2004 Apr;34(4):747-54.
  • Walsh JP. Paget's disease of bone.Med J Aust. 2004 Sep 6;181(5):262-5. [Review]. PMID: 15347275 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Epicondilits. Epitrocleítis

  • Assendelft W, Green S, Buchbinder R, Struijs P, Smidt N. Tennis elbow. BMJ 2003 Aug 9;327(7410):329. [Review]. No abstract available. PMID: 12907489 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Derebery VJ, Devenpont JN, Giang GM, Fogarty WT. The effects of splinting on outcomes for epicondylitis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Jun;86(6):1081-8.
  • Johnson GW, Cadwallader K, Scheffel SB, Epperly TD. Treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Am Fam Physician 2007 Sep 15;76(6):843-8. [Review. Summary for patients in: Am Fam Physician 2007 Sep 15;76(6):849-50; Am Fam Physician 2007 Sep 15;76(6):853]. PMID: 17910298 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
  • Smidt N, Assendelft WJ, van der Windt DA, Hay EM, Buchbinder R, Bouter LM. Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Pain 2002 Mar;96(1-2):23-40. [Review]. PMID: 11932058 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Van Tulder M, Malmivaara A, Koes B. Repetitive strain injury. Lancet 2007 May 26;369(9575):1815-22. [Review]. PMID: 17531890 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Escoliosis

  • Dickson RA, Stamper P, Ardran GM. A method for minimizing the radiation exposure from scoliosis radiographs. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1981 Dec;63(9):1499-500. No abstract available. PMID: 7320045 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Lowe TG, et al. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a new classification to determine extent of spinal arthrodesis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2001 Aug;83-A(8):1169-81. PMID: 11507125 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Lenke LG, Dobbs MB. Management of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007 Feb;89(Suppl 1):55-63. [Review]. No abstract available.
  • Morin Doody M, Lonstein JE, Stovall M, Hacker DG, Luckyanov N, Land CE. Breast cancer mortality after diagnostic radiography: findings from the U.S. Scoliosis Cohort Study. Spine 2000 Aug 15;25(16):2.052-63. PMID: 10954636 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Ron E. Cancer risks from medical radiation. Health Phys 2003 Jul;85(1):47-59. [Review]. PMID: 12852471 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Sarwark JF. What's new in pediatric orthopaedics. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003 May;85-A(5):976-81. No abstract available. PMID: 12728066 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Wessberg P, Danielson BI, Willén J. Comparison of Cobb angles in idiopathic scoliosis on standing radiographs and supine axially loaded MRI. Spine 2006 Dec 15;31(26):3039-44. PMID: 17173001 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Esguince acromioclavicular

  • Taga I, Yoneda M, Ono K. Epiphyseal separation of the coracoid process associated with acromioclavicular sprain. A case report and review of the literature. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1986 Jun;(207):138-41. PMID: 3720077 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Esguince esternoclavicular

  • Neviaser JS. Injuries of the clavicle and its articulations. Orthop Clin North Am 1980 Apr;11(2):233-7. [Review]. PMID: 7001306 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Woodward TW, Best TM. The painful shoulder: part II. Acute and chronic disorders. Am Fam Physician 2000 Jun 1;61(11):3291-300. [Review]. PMID: 10865925 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Esguince de interfalángicas de la mano

  • Chan DY. Management of simple finger injuries: the splinting regime. Hand Surg 2002 Dec;7(2):223-30. [Review]. PMID: 12596285 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Esguince de metacarpofalángicas. Esguince de muñeca

  • Kuhlmann JN, Kirch JM, Mimoun M, Baux S. [Chronic radio-carpal sprain and instability of the wrist] Acta Orthop Belg 1988;54(1):34-42. [Article in French]. No abstract available. PMID: 3400428 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Esguince de rodilla

  • Phisitkul P, James SL, Wolf BR, Amendola A. MCL injuries of the knee: current concepts review. Iowa Orthop J 2006;26:77-90. Review. PMID: 16789454 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Esguince de tobillo

  • Beaulieu MD, Corriveau A, Nadeau PO. [Evaluation and treatment of lateral ankle sprain in the emergency department: is systematic radiography necessary?] CMAJ 1986 Nov 1;135(9):1003-6. [Article in French]. PMID: 3093043 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Ivins D. Acute ankle sprain: an update. Am Fam Physician 2006 Nov 15;74(10):1714-20. [Review]. PMID: 17137000 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Fascitis plantar. Espolón calcáneo. Talalgia

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  • Hawke F, Burns J, Radford JA, du Toit V. Custom-made foot orthoses for the treatment of foot pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008 Jul 16;(3):CD006801. PMID: 18646168 [PubMed - in process].
  • Hupperets MD, Verhagen EA, van Mechelen W. Effect of unsupervised home based proprioceptive training on recurrences of ankle sprain: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2009 Jul 9;339:b2684. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b2684.
  • Janisse DJ, Janisse E. Shoe modification and the use of orthoses in the treatment of foot and ankle pathology. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2008 Mar;16(3):152-8. [Review]. PMID: 18316713 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • McPoil TG, Martin RL, Cornwall MW, Wukich DK, Irrgang JJ, Godges JJ. Heel pain--plantar fasciitis: clinical practice guildelines linked to the international classification of function, disability, and health from the orthopaedic section of the American Physical Therapy Association. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2008 Apr;38(4):A1-A18. Epub 2008 Mar 31. PMID: 18434670 [PubMed - in process].
  • Neufeld SK, Cerrato R. Plantar fasciitis: evaluation and treatment. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2008 Jun;16(6):338-46. PMID: 18524985 [PubMed - in process].
  • Sorrentino F, Iovane A, Vetro A, Vaccari A, Mantia R, Midiri M. Role of high-resolution ultrasound in guiding treatment of idiopathic plantar fasciitis with minimally invasive techniques. Radiol Med (Torino) 2008 Jun;113(4):486-495. Epub 2008 Jun 3. PMID: 18523846 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher].

Fibromialgia. Dolor crónico musculoesquelético generalizado

  • Busch AJ, Barber KAR, Overend TJ, Peloso PMJ, Schachter CL. Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD003786.
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  • Charlish P. Product problems plague industry. Scrip 100 2007 ID 82028.
  • Corrigan R, Derry S, Wiffen PJ, Moore RA. Clonazepam for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(5):CD009486.
  • Derry S, Gill D, Phillips T, Moore RA. Milnacipran for neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2012;(3):CD008244.
  • García DA, Martínez I, Saturno PJ. Abordaje clínico de la fibromialgia: síntesis de recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia, una revisión sistemática. Reumatol Clin. 2016;12(2):65-71.
  • Gutiérrez R, Gorricho J. Fibromialgia. Boletín de Información Farmacoterapéutica de Navarra. 2006;vol. 14 nº3.
  • Karjalainen K, Malmivaara A, van Tulder M, Roine R, Jauhiainen M, Hurri H, et al. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for fibromyalgia and musculoskeletal pain in working age adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000;(1):CD001984.
  • Mease PJ, Russell J, Arnold LM, Florian H, Young JP, Martin SA, et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III trial of pregabalin in the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol 2008;35:502-14. ID 83220
  • Ministerio de Sanidad, Política Social e Igualdad. Fibromialgia. Sanidad 2011.
  • Moore RA, Wiffen PJ, Derry S, McQuay HJ. Gabapentin for chronic neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(3):CD007938.
  • Rivera J. Tratamiento farmacológico de la fibromialgia. Inf Ter Sist Nac Salud. 2008; 32:107-15.
  • Torres X, Peri JM. Revisión sistemática de las intervenciones no farmacológicas y tratamientos alternativos en la fibromialgia. Med Clin (Barc) 2007;128:679. ID 80152.
  • Tort S, Urrútia G, Nishishinya MB, Walitt B. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) for fibromyalgia syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(4):CD009807.

Fractura costal

  • Kerr-Valentic MA, Arthur M, Mullins RJ, Pearson TE, Mayberry JC. Rib fracture pain and disability: can we do better? J Trauma 2003 Jun;54(6):1058-63; [discussion 1063-4]. PMID: 12813323 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Quaday KA. Morbidity and mortality of rib fracture. J Trauma 1995 Sep;39(3):617. No abstract available. PMID: 7473940 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Gonartrosis

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  • Bensen WG. Treatment of osteoarthritis with celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor: a randomized controlled trial. Mayo Clin Proc 1999;74:1095-10. ID 48198.
  • Bjordal JM, Klovning A, Ljunggren AE, Slørdal L. Short-term efficacy of pharmacotherapeutic interventions in osteoarthritic knee pain: A meta-analysis of randomised placebo-controlled trials. Eur J Pain 2007 Feb;11(2):125-38. Epub 2006 May 8. PMID: 16682240 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Brouwer RW, van Raaij TM, Verhaar JA, Coene LN, Bierma-Zeinstra SM. Brace treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective randomized multi-centre trial. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2006 Aug;14(8):777-83. Epub 2006 Mar 24.PMID: 16563810 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Deyle GD, Henderson NE, Matekel RL, Ryder MG, Garber MB, Allison SC. Effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise in osteoarthritis of the knee. A randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:173-81. ID 49141
  • Ernst E. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate for knee osteoarthritis. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:2184. ID 77016
  • Gijón J, Grupo de Estudio de Nabumetona en Artrosis de Rodilla. Eficacia y seguridad de la nabumetona en el tratamiento de la gonartrosis: ensayo clínico comparativo con aceclofenaco. Med Clin (Barc) 1997;109:130-4. ID 33350
  • Hosie J, Distel M, Bluhmki E. Efficacy and tolerability of meloxicam versus piroxicam in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Clin Drug Invest 1997;13:175-84. ID 31969
  • McAlindon TE, LaValley MP, Gulin JP, Felson DT. Glucosamine and chondroitin for treatment of osteoarthritis. A systematic quality assessment and meta-analysis. JAMA 2000;283:1469-75. ID 49932
  • McAlindon TE, Felson DT, Zhang Y, Hannan MT, Aliabadi P, Weissman B, et al. Relation of dietary intake and serum levels of vitamin D to progression of osteoarthritis of the knee among participants in the Framingham Study. Ann Intern Med 1996;125:353-9. ID 29131
  • McCarthy CJ, Callaghan MJ, Oldham JA. Pulsed electromagnetic energy treatment offers no clinical benefit in reducing the pain of knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2006 Jun 15;7:51. [Review]. PMID: 16776826 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Navarro MJ, Peiró S, Trénor C, Ruiz L, Pérez A, Guerola N. Factores asociados al resultado funcional y a la calidad de vida en la rehabilitación tras una artroplastia de rodilla. Med Clin (Barc) 2000;114:250-4. ID 49638
  • Towheed T E, Anastassiades TP. Glucosamine and chondroitin for treating symptoms of osteoarthritis. Evidence is widely touted but incomplete. JAMA 2000;283:1483-4. ID 49933

Herida con objeto de riesgo

  • Anónimo. Local applications to wounds - I. Cleansers, antibacterials, debriders. Drug Ther Bull 1991;29:93-5. ID 16489
  • Anónimo. Local applications to wounds - II. Dressing for wounds and ulcers. Drug Ther Bull 1991;29:97-100. ID 16691
  • Bello YM, Phillips TJ. Recent advances in wound healing. JAMA 2000;283:716-8. ID 49306
  • Gerberding JL. Clinical practice. Occupational exposure to HIV in health care settings. N Engl J Med 2003 Feb 27;348(9):826-33. [Review]. No abstract available. PMID: 12606738 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
  • Preboth M. PHS guidelines for management of occupational exposure to HBV, HCV and HIV: management of occupational blood exposures. Am Fam Physician 2001 Dec 15;64(12):2012-4. [Review]. No abstract available. PMID: 11775767 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Hiperuricemia asintomática

  • Becker MA, Schumacher HR Jr, Wortmann RL, MacDonald PA, Eustace D, Palo WA, et al. Febuxostat compared with allopurinol in patients with hyperuricemic and gout. N Engl J Med. 2005;353:2450-61.
  • Burns CM, Wortmann RL. Gout therapeutics: new drugs for an old disease. Lancet. 2011;377:165-77.
  • Campion EW, Glynn RJ, DeLabry LO. Asymptomatic hyperuricemia. Risks 421-6.
  • Febuxostat for gout. Drug Ther Bull. 2010;48:78-82.
  • Febuxostat. Hyperuricèmies: gare aux crises de goutte. Rev Prescrire. 2008;28:726-9.
  • Febuxostat. Nuevos principios activos. Información Terapéutica del Sistema Nacional de Salud. 2011;35:No.2.
  • Pohar S, Murphy G. Febuxostat for prevention of gout attacks. Issues Emerg Health Technol. 2006:87:1-4.
  • Stevenson M, Pandor A. Febuxostat for the Management of hiperuricemia in patients with gout: a NICE single technology appraisal. Pharmacoeconomics. 2011;29:133-40.
  • Tayar J, Lopez-Olivo M, Suárez-Almazor M. Febuxostat para el tratamiento de la gota crónica. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 Issue 11. Art. No.: CD008653.
  • Underwood M. Diagnosis and management of gout. BMJ 2006;332:1.315-9.
  • Ye P, Yang S, Zhang W, Lv Q, Cheng Q, Mei M, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of febuxostat in hyperuricemic patients with or without gout: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Ther. 2013;35:180-9.

Intoxicación aguda. Paciente agitado y/o con otras alteraciones de la conducta

  • Allen MH. Managing the agitated psychotic patient: a reappraisal of the evidence. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61 Suppl 14:11-20. PMID: 11154012.
  • ​Seitz DP, Gill SS, van Zyl LT. Antipsychotics in the treatment of delirium: a systematic review. J Clin Psychiatry. 2007 Jan;68(1):11-21. doi: 10.4088/jcp.v68n0102. PMID: 17284125.
  • TREC Collaborative Group. Rapid tranquillisation for agitated patients in emergency psychiatric rooms: a randomised trial of midazolam versis haloperidol plus prometahazine. BMJ 2003;327:708-13.
  • Yildiz S, Turgay A. Pharmacological management of agitation in emergency setting. Emerg Med J 2003;20:339-46.

Intoxicación aguda por agente desconocido y con alteración de la conciencia

  • Barrie J, May G. Towards evidence-based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Diagnosis of drug overdose by rapid reversal with naloxone. Emerg Med J 2006;23:874-5.
  • Boeuf B, Poirier V, Gauvin F, Guerguerian AM, Roy C, Farrell CA, et al. Naloxone for shock. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003;(4):CD004443.
  • Eddleston M, Hagalla S, Reginald K, Sudarshan K, Senthilkumaran M, Karalliedde L, et al. The hazards of gastric lavage for intentional sefl-poisoning in a resource poor location. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2007;45:136-43.
  • Höjer J, Baehrendtz S, Matell G, Gustafsson LL. Diagnostic utilitu of flumazenil in coma with suspected poisoning: a double blind, randomised controlled study. BMJ 1990;301:1.308-11.
  • Ngo AS, Anthony CR, Samuel M, Wong E, Ponampalam R. Shoudl a benzodiazepine antagonist be used in unconscious patients presenting to the emergency department? Resuscitation 2007;74:27-37.

Intoxicación aguda por alcoholes

  • Barceloux DG, Bond GR, Krenzelok EP, Cooper H, Vale JA; American Academy of Clinical Toxicology Ad Hoc Committee on the Treatment Guidelines for Methanol Poisoning. American Academy of Clinical Toxicology practice guidelines on the treatment of methanol poisoning. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2002;40(4):415-46. doi: 10.1081/clt-120006745. PMID: 12216995.

  • Beatty L, Green R, Magee K, Zed P. A Systematic Review of Ethanol and Fomepizol Use in Toxic Alcohol Ingestions. Emerg Med Int. 2013.
  • Brent J, McMartin K, Phillips S, Aaron C, Kulig K, et al, Methylpyrazole for Toxic Alcohols Study Group. Fomepizole for the treatment of methanol poisoning. N Engl J Med 2001 Feb 8;344(6):424-9.
  • Brent J. Fomepizole for ethylene glycol and methanol poising. N Engl J Med. 2009;21:2216-23.
  • Corley RA, McMartin KE. Incorporation of therapeutic interventions in physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling of human clinical case reports of accidental or intentional overdosing with ethylene glycol. Toxicol Sci 2005 May;85(1):491-501.
  • Jammalamadaka D, Raissi S. Ethylene glycol, methanol and isopropyl alcohol intoxication. Am J Med Sci. 2010 Mar;339(3):276-81. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e3181c94601. PMID: 20090509.
  • Kraut JA, Kurtz I. Toxic alcohol ingestions: clinical features, diagnosis, and management. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Jan;3(1):208-25. doi: 10.2215/CJN.03220807. Epub 2007 Nov 28. PMID: 18045860.
  • Stremski E, Hennes H. Accidental isopropanol ingestion in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2000 Aug;16(4):238-40. doi: 10.1097/00006565-200008000-00005. PMID: 10966340.

Intoxicación aguda sin alteración de la consciencia

  • Albertson TE, Owen KP, Sutter ME, Chan AL. Gastrointestinal decontamination in the acutely poisoned patient. Int J Emerg Med. 2011 Oct 12;4:65. doi: 10.1186/1865-1380-4-65. PMID: 21992527; PMCID: PMC3207879.

  • Chyka PA, Seger D, Krenzelok EP, Vale JA; American Academy of Clinical Toxicology; European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists. Position paper: Single-dose activated charcoal. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2005;43(2):61-87. doi: 10.1081/clt-200051867. PMID: 15822758.
  • Eddleston M, Juszczak E, Buckley NA, Senarathna L, Mohamed F, Dissanayake W, et al, Ox-Col Poisoning Study collaborators. Multiple-dose activated charcoal in acute self-poisoning: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2008 Feb 16;371(9612):579-87.
  • Manoguerra AS, Cobaugh DJ; Guidelines for the Management of Poisoning Consensus Panel. Guideline on the use of ipecac syrup in the out-of-hospital management of ingested poisons. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2005;43(1):1-10. doi: 10.1081/clt-46735. PMID: 15732439.

  • Osterhoudt KC, Alpern ER, Durbin D, Nadel F, Henretig FM. Activated charcoal administration in a pediatric emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care 2004;20:493-8.

Intoxicación aguda con convulsiones

  • Prasad K, Krishnan PR, Al-Roomi K, Sequeira R. Anticonvulsivant therapy for status epilepticus. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2007;63:640-7.
  • Walker M. Status epilepticus: an evidence based guide. BMJ 2005;331:673-7.

Intoxicación aguda por neurolépticos

Intoxicación aguda por productos cáusticos y peligrosos de uso doméstico

  • Amigó M, Nogué S, Miró O. Carbón activado en 575 casos de intoxicaciones agudas. Seguridad y factores asociados a las reacciones adversas. Med Clin (Barc). 2010;153:243-9.
  • Burillo-Putze G, Munné Mas P, Dueñas Laita A, Trujillo Martín MM, Jiménez Sosa A, Adrián Martín MJ, et al. Intoxicaciones agudas: perfil epidemiológico y clínico y análisis de las técnicas de descontaminación digestiva utilizadas en los servicios de urgencias españoles en el año 2006. Estudio HISPATOX. Emergencias 2008;20:15-26.
  • Homan CS, Maitra SR, Lane BP, Thode HC, Sable M. Therapeutic effects of water and milk for acute alkali injury of the esophagus. Ann Emerg Med 1994;24:14-20.
  • Homan CS, Maitra SR, Lane BP, Thode HC, Finkelshteyn J, Davidson L. Effective treatment for acute alkali injury to the esophagus using weak-acid neutralization therapy: an ex-vivo study. Acad Emerg Med 1995;2:952-8.
  • Howell JM, Dalsey WC, Hartsell FW, Butzin CA. Steroids for the treatment of corrosive esophageal injury: a statistical analysis of past studies. Am J Emerg Med 1992;10:421-5.
  • Poley JW, Steyerberg EW, Kuipers EJ, Dees J, Hartmans R, Tilanus HW. Ingestion of acid and alkaline agents: outcome and prognostic value of early upper endoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 2004 Sep;372-7.

Intoxicación por inhalación de gases

  • Buckley NA, Juurlink DN, Isbister G, Bennett MH, Lavonas EJ. Hyperbaric oxygen for carbon monoxide poisoning. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2011(4):CD002041.
  • Juurlink DN, Buckley NA, Stanbrook MB, Isbister GK, Bennett M, McGuigan MA. Hyperbaric oxygen for carbon monoxide poisoning. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(4):CD002041.
  • Phin N. Intoxicación aguda por monóxido de carbono. Evid Clin Concisa 2006;5:236-40.
  • Rehberg S, Maybauer MO, Enkhbaatar P, Maybauer DM, Yamamoto Y, Traber DL. Pathophysiology, management and treatment of smoke inhalation injury. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2009 Jun 1;3(3):283-297. doi: 10.1586/ERS.09.21. PMID: 20161170; PMCID: PMC2722076.

  • Weaver LK, Howe S, Hopkins R, Chan KJ. Carboxyhemoglobin half-life in Carbon Monoxide-poisoned Patients Treated with 100% Oxygen at Atmospheric Pressure. Chest 2000;117:801-8.

Intoxicación por productos de uso agrícola-industrial

  • Abedin MJ, Sayeed AA, Basher A, Maude RJ, Hoque G, Faiz MA. Open-label randomized clinical trial of atropine bolus injection versus incremental boluses plus infusion for organophosphate poisoning in Bangladesh. J Med Toxicol. 2012 Jun;8(2):108-17. doi: 10.1007/s13181-012-0214-6. PMID: 22351300; PMCID: PMC3550249.

  • Bradberry SM, Proudfoot AT, Vale JA. Poisoning due to chlorophenoxy herbicides. Toxicol Rev. 2004;23(2):65-73. doi: 10.2165/00139709-200423020-00001. PMID: 15578861.

  • Bradberry SM, Proudfoot AT, Vale JA. Glyphosate poisoning. Toxicol Rev. 2004;23(3):159-67. doi: 10.2165/00139709-200423030-00003. PMID: 15862083.

  • Eddleston M, Singh S, Buckley N. Intoxicación aguda por organofosfordos. Evid Clín Concisa 2006;5:241-3.
  • Johnson MK, Jacobsen D, Meredith TJ. Evaluation of antidotes for poisoning in organophorus pesticides. Emerg Med 2000;12(1):22-37.
  • Roberts DM, Buckley NA. Urinary alkalinisation for acute chlorophenoxy herbicide poisoning. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007;(1):CD005488.

Lordosis

  • Romano M, Minozzi S, Bettany-Saltikov J, Zaina F, Chockalingam N, Kotwicki T, et al. Ejercicios para la escoliosis idiopática del adolescente. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 Issue 10. Art. No.: CD007837.
  • Negrini A, Minozzi A, Bettany-Saltikov J, Zaina F, Chockalingam N, Grivas T, et al. Aparatos ortopédicos para la escoliosis idiopática en adolescentes (Revision Cochrane traducida). En: Biblioteca Cochrane Plus 2010 Número 1. Oxford: Update Software Ltd. (Traducida de The Cochrane Library, 2010 Issue 1 Art no. CD006850. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.). Disponible en: http://www.update-software.com.
  • Weiss HR, Negrini S, Rigo M, Kotwicki T, Hawes MC, Grivas TB, et al, SOSORT guideline committee. Indications for conservative management of scoliosis (guidelines). Scoliosis 2006 May 8;1:5.

Lumbalgia simple o inespecífica

  • Engers A, Jellema P, Wensing M, van der Windt DAWM, Grol R, van Tulder MW. Individual patient education for low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;(1):CD004057.
  • Eskin B, Shin RD, Friesseler FW, Walsh BW, Allegra JR, Silverman ME, et al. Prednisone for emergency department low-back pain: a randomized controlled trial. J Emerg Med 2014; 47:65-70.
  • Friedman BW, Dym AA, Davitt M, Holden L, Solorzano C, Esses D, et al. Naproxen with cyclobenzaprine, oxycodone/acetaminophen, or placebo for treating acute low-back pain: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2015;314:1572-1580.
  • Hagen KB, Hilde G, Jamtvedt G, Winnem M. Bed rest for acute low-back pain and sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(3):CD001254.
  • Koes B, van Tulder M. Low back pain (acute). Clin Evid 2006;15:1.619-33.
  • Ostelo RWJG, van Tulder MW, Vlaeyen JWS, Linton SJ, Morley SJ, Assendelft WJJ. Behavioural treatment for chronic low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(4):CD002014.
  • Qaseem A, Wilt TJ, McLean RM, Forciea MA; Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians. Noninvasive Treatments for Acute, Subacute, and Chronic Low Back Pain: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Apr 4;166(7):514-30.
  • Roelofs PD, Deyo RA, Koes BW, Scholten RJ, Van Tuler MW. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008:CD 000396.
  • Skljarevski V, Desaiah D, Liu-Seifert H, Zhang Q, Chappell AS, Detke MJ, et al. Efficacy and safety of duloxetine in patients with chronic low back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2010;35:E578-585
  • Skljarevski V, Ossanna M, Lui-Seifert H, Zhang Q, Chappell A, Ivengar S, et al. A double-blind, randomized trial of duloxetine versus placebo in the management of chronic low back pain. Eur J Neurol 2019;16:1041-1048.
  • Skljarevski V, Zhang S, Desaiah D, Alaka KJ, Palacios S, Miazgowski T, et a. Duloxetine versus placebo in patients with chronic low back pain: a 12-week, fixed-dose, randomized, double-blind trial. J Pain 2010; 11:1282-1290.
  • Williams CM, Maher CG, Latimer J, Mc Lachlan AJ, Hancock MJ, Day RO, et al. Efficacy of paracetamol for acute low-back pain: a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Lancet 2014;384:1586-1596

Lumbalgia aguda

  • Dahm KT, Brurberg KG, Jamtvedt G, Hagen KB. Advice to rest in bed versus advice to stay active for acute low-back pain and sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(6):CD007612.
  • Rubinstein S, Terwee C, Assendelft W, de Boer M, van Tulder M. Tratamiento de manipulación espinal para el dolor lumbar agudo. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012 Issue 12. Art. No.: CD008880.

Lumbalgia crónica

  • Buchmuller A, Navez M, Milletre-Bernardin M, Pouplin S, Presles E, Lantéri-Minet M, et al. Value of TENS for relief of chronic low back pain with or without radicular pain. Eur J Pain. 2012;16:656-65.
  • Chiliobeck PD, Vatanparast H, Comish SM, Abeysekara S, Charlesworth S. Evidence-based risk assessment and recommendations for physical activity: arthritis, osteoporosis and low back pain. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2011;36:S49-S79.
  • Choi BKL, Verbeek JH, Tam WWai-San, Jiang JY. Exercises for prevention of recurrences of low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(1):CD006555.
  • Dagenais S, Yelland MJ, Del Mar C, Schoene ML. Prolotherapy injections for chronic low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(2):CD004059. Assessed as up to date: July 29, 2009.
  • Furlan AD, Imamura M, Dryden T, Irvin E. Massage for low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(4):CD001929.
  • Henchoz Y, de Goumoëns P, Kai Lik So A, Paillex R. Functioal multidisciplinary rehabilitation versus outpatient physiotherapy for non-specific low back pain: randomised controlled trial. Swiss Med Wkly. 2010;140:w13133.
  • Koes BW, Van Tulder M, Lin CWC, Macedo LG, McAuley J, Maher C. An update overview of clinical guidelines for the management of non-specific low back pain in primary care. Eur Spine J. 2010;19:2075-94.
  • Kuijpers T, Van Middelkoop M, Rubinstein SM, Ostelo R, Verhagen A, Koes BW, et al. A systematic review on the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions for chronic non-specific low-back pain. Eur Spine J. 2011;20;40-50.
  • Orrock PJ, Myers SP. Osteopathic interventions in chronic non-specific low back pain: a systematic review. BMC Musculoskeletal Disord. 2013;14:129.
  • Staal JB, de Bie R, de Vet HCW, Hildebrandt J, Nelemans P. Injection therapy for subacute and chronic low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(3):CD001824.
  • Walker BF, French SD, Grant W, Green S. Combined chiropractic interventions for low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(4):CD005427.
  • Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, Bi X, Lou SJ, Cai B, et al. A Meta-Analysis of Core Stability Exercise versus General Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain. PLoS ONE 2012; 7(12): e52082.
  • Wells C, Kolt GS, Marshall P, Hill P, Bialocerkowski. Effectiveness of Pilates exercise in treating people with chronic low back pain: a systematic review of systematic reviews. MBC Medical Research Metholodogy. 2013;13:7.
  • White AP, Arnold PM, Norvell DC, Ecker E, Fehlings MG. Pharmacologic Management of Chronic Low Back Pain. Spine. 2011;36:s131-s143.

Lumbociatalgia

  • Chou R, Hashimoto R, Friedly J, Fu R, Bougatsos C, Dana T, Sullivan SD, Jarvik J. Epidural Corticosteroid Injections for Radiculopathy and Spinal Stenosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Sep 1;163(5):373-81. doi: 10.7326/M15-0934. PMID: 26302454.

  • Clarke JA, van Tulder MW, Blomberg SEI, de Vet HCW, van der Heijden GJMG, Bronfort G, et al. Traction for low-back pain with or without sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007;(1):CD003010.
  • Goldberg H, Firtch W, Tyburski M, Pressman A, Ackerson L, Hamilton L, Smith W, Carver R, Maratukulam A, Won LA, Carragee E, Avins AL. Oral steroids for acute radiculopathy due to a herniated lumbar disk: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2015 May 19;313(19):1915-23. doi: 10.1001/jama.2015.4468. PMID: 25988461; PMCID: PMC5875432.

  • Iversen T, Solberg TK, Rommer B, Wilsgaard T, Twisk J, Anke A, et al. Effect of caudal apidural steroid or saline injection in chronic lumbar radiculopathy: multicentre, blinded, randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2011;343:d5278.
  • Pinto RZ, Maher CG, Ferreira ML, Hancock M, Oliveira VC, McLachlan AJ, et al. Epidural Corticosteroid Injections in the Management of Sciatica. A Systematic Review and Meta analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2012;157:865-77.
  • Wegner I, Widyahening IS, van Tulder MW, Blomberg SEI, de Vet HCW, Brønfort G, et al. Traction for low-back pain with or without sciatica. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD003010.

Luxación de hombro

  • Emond M, Le Sage N, Lavoie A, Rochette L. Clinical factors predicting fractures associated with an anterior shoulder dislocation. Acad Emerg Med. 2004 Aug;11(8):853-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2004.tb00768.x. PMID: 15289192.

  • Handoll HHG, Al-Maiyah MA. Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for acute anterior shoulder dislocation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(1):CD004325. Assessed as up to date: August 14, 2009.
  • Handoll HHG, Hanchard NCA, Goodchild LM, Feary J. Conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD004962.

Meralgia parestésica

  • Barna SA, Hu MM, Buxo C, Trella J, Cosgrove GR. Spinal cord stimiulation for treatment of Meralgia paresthetica. Pain Physician 2005;8:315-8.
  • Haim A, Pritsch T, Ben-Galim P, Dekel S. Meralgia paresthetica: A retrospective analysis of 79 patients evaluated and treated according to a standard algorithm. Acta Orthopaedica 2006;77(3):482-6.
  • Khalil N, Nicotra A, Rakowicz W. Treatment for meralgia paraesthetica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;(3):CD004159. Update Octubre 2010.
  • Khalil N, Nicotra A, Rakowicz W. Treatment for meralgia paraesthetica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Dec 12;12(12):CD004159. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD004159.pub3. PMID: 23235604; PMCID: PMC7197425.

  • Nouraei SAR, Anand B, Spink G, O´Neill KS. A novel approach to the diagnosis and management of meralgia paresthetica. Neurosurgery. 2007:60:696-700.
  • Payne R, Seaman S, Sieg E, Langan S, Harbaugh K, Rizk E. Evaluating the evidence: is neurolysis or neurectomy a better treatment for meralgia paresthetica? Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017 May;159(5):931-936. doi: 10.1007/s00701-017-3136-x. Epub 2017 Mar 10. PMID: 28283866.

Metatarsalgia

  • Kang JH, Chen MD, Chen SC, Hsi WL. Correlations between subjective treatment responses and plantar pressure parameters of metatarsal pad treatment in metatarsalgia patients: a prospective study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2006;7:95.
  • Kennedy JG, Deland JT. Resolution of metatarsalgia following oblique osteotomy. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2006;453:309-313.

Mordeduras

  • Bula-Rudas FJ, Olcott JL. Human and Animal Bites. Pediatr Rev. 2018 Oct;39(10):490-500. doi: 10.1542/pir.2017-0212. PMID: 30275032.

  • Chaudry MA, MacNamara AF, Clark S. Is the management of dog bite wounds evidence based? A postal survey and review literature. Eur J Emerg Med 2004;11:313-7.
  • Isbiter GK. Managing injuries by venomous sea creatures is Australia. Aust Prescr 2007;30:117-21.
  • Medeiros IM, Saconato H. Antibiotic prophylaxis for mammalian bites. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001;(2):CD001738.
  • Morgan M, Palmer J. Dog Bites. British Medical Journal 2007;334:413-7.
  • Palacios Llamazares L, Bobé Armant F, Gens Barberá M. Urgencias en la playa. FMC 2002;9:393-498.

Necrosis avascular del semilunar o del escafoides

  • Lauder AJ, Trumble TE. Idiopathic avascular necrosis of the scaphoid: Preiser´s disease. Hand Clin 2006;22:475-84.
  • Lenoir H, Coulet B, Lazerges C, Mares O, Croutzet P, Chammas M. Idiopathic avascular necrosis of the scaphoid: 10 new cases and a review of the literature. Indications for Preiser's disease. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2012 Jun;98(4):390-7. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2011.11.013. Epub 2012 May 16. PMID: 22608001.

Necrosis de la cabeza del segundo metatarsiano

  • Ahmad J, Raikin SM. Osteonecrosis of the second metatarsal head, navicular and talus. Curr Opin Orthop 2006;17:103-10.
  • Gillespie H. Osteochondroses and apophyseal injuries of the foot in the young athlete. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2010 Sep-Oct;9(5):265-8. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e3181f19488. PMID: 20827090.

Neuroma de Morton

  • Pace A, Scammell B, Dhar S. The outcome of Morton's neurectomy in the treatment of metatarsalgia. Int Orthop. 2010 Apr;34(4):511-5. doi: 10.1007/s00264-009-0812-3. Epub 2009 May 30. PMID: 19484237; PMCID: PMC2903131.

  • Thomson CE, Beggs I, Martin DJ, McMillan D, Edwards RT, Russell D, Yeo ST, Russell IT, Gibson JN. Methylprednisolone injections for the treatment of Morton neuroma: a patient-blinded randomized trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 May 1;95(9):790-8, S1. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.01780. PMID: 23636185.
  • Thomson CE, Gibson JNA, Martin D. Interventions for the treatment of Morton's neuroma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(3):CD003118.

Osteocondritis disecante de rodilla

  • Anderson AF, Anderson CN. Management of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee. Techn Knee Surg 2005;4:23-35.
  • Crawford C, Safran MR. Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2006;14:90-100.

Osteonecrosis aséptica de cabeza femoral

  • Chen CH, Chang JK, Lai KA, Hou SM, Chang CH, Wang GJ. Alendronate in the prevention of collpase of the femoral head in nontraumatic osteonecrosis: a two-year multicenter, prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Arthritis Rheum. 2012;64:1572-8.
  • Etienne G, Mont MA, Khanuja HS, Hungerford DS. Nonvascularized bone grafts for osteonecrosis of the femoral head: current concepts and techniques. Techniques in Orthopaedics 2001;16:39-43.
  • Ivankovich DA, Rosenberg AG, Malamis A. Reconstructive options for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Techniques in Orthopaedics 2001;16:66-79.

Osteoporosis

  • Adler RA, El-Hajj Fuleihan G, Bauer DC, et al. Managing Osteoporosis in Patients on Long-Term Bisphosphonate Treatment: Report of a Task Force of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. J Bone Miner Res 2016; 31:16.
  • Alendronate, etidronate, risedronate, raloxifene and strontium ranelate for the primary prevention of osteoporotic fragility fractures in postmenopausal women Disponible en: www.nice.org.uk/guidance/TA160
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  • Informe de Comité d’Avaluaci&oacutE; de Nous Medicaments (Institut Català de la Salut). Denosumab 2012.
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Patología del manguito rotador (tendinitis y tendinosis del manguito de los rotadores)

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Pericarditis aguda

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Picaduras. Mordeduras

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Pie plano

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Poliartritis

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Polimialgia reumática

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Pronación dolorosa

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Quemaduras

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Quiste de Baker

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Roturas musculares o fibrilares

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Seudoquiste sinovial o ganglión

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Síncope vasovagal

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  • Brignole M, Moya A, de Lange FJ, Deharo JC, Elliott PM, Fanciulli A, et al. Guía ESC 2018 sobre el diagnóstico y el tratamiento del síncope. Grupo de Trabajo de la Sociedad Europea de Cardiología (ESC) para el diagnóstico y tratamiento del síncope. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2018; 71(10):837.e1-e92. Disponible en: https://www.revespcardiol.org/es-pdf-S0300893218304895

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Síndrome coronario agudo

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Síndrome de fatiga crónica

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Síndromes femoropatelares

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  • Callaghan MJ, Selfe J. Patellar taping for patellofemoral pain syndrome in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(4):CD006717.
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  • Crossley K, Bennell K, Green S, McConnell J. A systematic review of physical interventions for patellofemoral pain syndrome. Clin J Sport Med 2001;11:103-10.
  • Heintjes E, Berger MY, Bierma-Zeinstra SMA, Bernsen RMD, Verhaar JAN, Koes BW. Exercise therapy for patellofemoral pain syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003;(4):CD003472.
  • Heintjes E, Berger MY, Bierma-Zeinstra SMA, Bernsen RMD, Verhaar JAN, Koes BW. Pharmacotherapy for patellofemoral pain syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(3):CD003470.
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  • Van der Heijden RA, Lankhorst NE, van Linschoten R, BiermaZeinstra SMA, van Middelkoop M. Exercise for treating patellofemoral pain syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD010387. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010387.pub2.

  • Van Linschoten R, Van Middelkoop M, Berger MY, Heintjes EM, Verhaar JAN, Willemsen SP, et al. Supervised exercise therapy versus usual care for pateollofemoral pain syndrome: an open label randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2009;339:b4074.

Síndrome del túnel carpiano

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  • Page MJ, O'Connor D, Pitt V, Massy-Westropp N. Exercise and mobilisation interventions for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(6):CD009899.
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Síndrome del túnel tarsiano

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Sinovitis transitoria de cadera

  • Kermond S, Fink M, Graham K. A randomized clinical trial: should the child with transient synovitis of the hip be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs? Ann Emerg Med 2002;40:294-9.

Taquicardia paroxística

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  • Gargallo García E, Gil Gómez FJ, Ganzo Pion M, Gallego Alonso-Colmenares M. Arritmias cardíacas en Urgencias. Medicine 2015;11(87):5175.

Taquicardia sinusal

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  • Morillo CA, Guzmán JC. Taquicardia sinusal inapropiada: actualización. Rev Esp Cardiol 2007;60(Supl 3):10-4.

Tendinitis de los aductores de extremidades inferiores

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  • Lynch SA, Renstrom PA. Groin injuries in sport: treatment strategies. Sports Med 1999;28:137-44.
  • MacLeod DA, Gibbon WW. The sportsman''s groin. Br J Surg 1999;86:849-50.
  • Wiktorsson-Moller M, Oberg B, Ekstrand J. Effects of warming up, massage, and stretching on range of motion and muscle strength in the lower extremity. Am J Sports Med 1983;11(4):249-52.

Tendinitis y bursitis aquílea

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  • Glaser T, Poddar S, Tweed B. What´s the best waty to treat Achilles tendonapahy? J Fam Pract 2008;57:261-3.
  • Hunte G, Lloyd-Smith R. Topical glyceryl trinitrate for chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Clin J Sport Med 2005;15:116-7.
  • Lebrun C. Management of Achilles tendinopathy. Clin J Sport Med 2008;18:106-7.
  • Magnussen RA, Dunn WR, Thomson AB- Nonoperative Treatment of Midportion Achilles Tendinopathy: A Systematic Review. Clin J Sport Med. 2009;18:54-64.
  • McLauchlan GJ, Handoll HHG. Interventions for treating acute and chronic Achilles tendinitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001;(2):CD000232.
  • Page MJ, O'Connor D, Pitt V, Massy-Westropp N. Therapeutic ultrasound for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(1):CD009601.
  • Roche AJ, Calder JD. Achilles tendinopathy: A review of the current concepts of treatment. Bone Joint J. 2013:95-B:1299-307.
  • Sammarco VJ, Sammarco GJ. Principles and techniques in rehabilitation of the athlete´s foot: part I. Introductiont of concepts and Achilles tendon rehabilitación. Tech Foot Ankle Surg 2003;2:51-60.
  • Van der Plas, de Jonge S, de Vos RJ, Van der Heide HJL, Verhaar JAN, Weir A, et al. A 5-year follow-up study of Alfredson´s heel-drop excercise programme in chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy. Br J Sport Med. 2012;46:214-8.
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  • Yu JH, Park DS, Lee GC. Effect of eccentric strengthening on pain muscle strength, endurance, and functional fitness factors in male patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2013;92:68-76.

Tendinitis calcificada

  • Buchbinder R, Green S, Youd JM, Johnston RV, Cumpston M. Arthrographic distension for adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder). Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;(1):CD007005.
  • Buchbinder R, Green S, Youd JM, Johnston RV. Oral steroids for adhesive capsulitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;(4):CD006189.
  • Maund E, Craig D, Suekarran S, Neilson AR, Wright K, Brealey S, et al. Management of frozen shoulder: a systematic review and cost-effectiveness analysis. Health Technology Assessment 2012; vol. 16: No 11.

Tendinitis de De Quervain, tendosinovitis de flexores y extensores del carpo

  • Peters-Veluthamaningal C, van der Windt DAWM, Winters JC, Meyboom-de Jong B. Corticosteroid injection for de Quervain's tenosynovitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(3):CD005616.
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  • Richie CA, Briner WW. Corticosteroid injection for treatment of de Quervain's tenosynovitis: a pooled quantitative literature evaluation. J Am Board Fam Pract 2003;16:102-6.